No. 1 State: Overview
The No. 1 State consists of about 25,905 square kilometers of area. This State has three fold geographical division: Himalayan in the north, Hilly in the middle and Terai in the southern part of Nepal, varying between an altitude of 60 meter and 8,848 meter. This State is bordered by Tibet, autonomous region of China in the north and Sikkim, Darjeeling, West Bengal and Bihar of India in the east and south respectively.
No.1 State Police Headquarters is located in Biratnagar Metropolis, one of the most populated and industrial power house of Nepal with many industries placed in and around its suburbs. As in the ancient times this city was ruled by a king name Birat, thus the city came to be known as Biratnagar. It is also a historical place bordering India where we still can find the remains of the palace of king Birat. It is the hometown of many influential leaders in Nepalese politics as well as the centre of education in the No. 1 state of Nepal. People in Biratnagar are more inclined to education and industrial business. It has traditionally been an agricultural hub and is home to many agro-based industries of the country. Biratnagar is Nepal's second largest city, offering quite a number of attractions that tourists find appealing. Biratnagar is the gateway to the Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve, a peaceful haven for Nepal’s flora and fauna and a prime bird-watching destination that is visited by many bird enthusiasts from far and wide. Upon complation of the Koshi highway, road corridor between India and China will be operational adding more to the economic activity of the country.
This State has brought a diverse biodiversity and variety in cultural, ethnic and socio-economic structure. Administratively, it consists of 14 districts, 1 Metropolis, 2 Sub-metropolis, 46 Municipalities and 88 Rural Municipality. It is home to a mosaic of ethnicities and languages as its population comprises major castes and ethnic groups - Brahman, Chhetri, Rai, Limbu, Sherpa, Tharu, different Madhesi groups and Dalit castes. Its population speaks Nepali, Maithili, Tharu, Tamang, Magar, Sherpa, Bantawa, Gurung, Limbu and other indigenous languages. Major religions of the region include Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, Kirat and Christianity.
The Hindu pilgrimage Pathivara in Taplejung, Satasi Dham & Arjun Dhara in Jhapa, Baraha Kshetra, Buda Subba, Dantakali, Pindeshowri-Baba Dham in Sunsari, Halesi Mahadev in Khotang are famous places for hindu devotees to worship. Buda Subba in Dharan, Sunsari has been a famous piligrim spot for the Limbus and the Kirats.
Solukhumbu district is a major tourist hub of Nepal, known as the gateway to "Mount Everest" and has many trekking routes for other popular destination for climbers and trekkers. Mountaineers all over the world have a vast attraction for this site and many have lost their lives while attempting to conquer the majestic peaks.